Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2014
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements as of March 31, 2014 and for the three months then ended have been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and pursuant to the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and on the same basis as the Company prepares its annual audited consolidated financial statements. The condensed balance sheet as of March 31, 2014, condensed statements of comprehensive loss for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the condensed statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, and the condensed statements of stockholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2014 are unaudited, but include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which the Company considers necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, operating results and cash flows for the periods presented. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2014 or for any future interim period. The condensed balance sheet at December 31, 2013 has been derived from audited financial statements; however, it does not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The accompanying condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013, and notes thereto included in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K, which was filed with the SEC on March 27, 2014.
Accounting Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant areas that required management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements include revenue recognition, valuation of goodwill, trade name and URL, costs capitalized to develop technology, the Company's estimated useful lives of assets and warrants granted in connection with financing transactions. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Reclassification - Certain amounts in the prior year presented have been reclassified to conform to the current period financial statement presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on previously reported net loss.
Significant Accounting Policies - There have been no material changes to the Company's significant accounting policies as compared to the significant accounting policies described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013 as filed with the SEC on March 27, 2014.
Short-Term Investments - All highly liquid investments that have an original maturity of greater than 90 days but less than one year at the date of purchase are classified as short-term investments. As of March 31, 2014, short-term investments consist of certificates of deposit, municipal bonds and corporate fixed income bonds.
Advertising and Marketing Expenses - Advertising and marketing expenses are expensed as incurred. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company incurred advertising and marketing expenses of approximately $162,000 and $179,000, respectively, and each are included in sales and marketing expenses in the accompanying statements of comprehensive loss.
Income Taxes - As a result of the Company's completion of its IPO, the Company's results of operations are taxed as a C Corporation. Prior to the IPO, the Company's operations were taxed as a limited liability company, whereby the Company elected to be taxed as a partnership and the income or loss was required to be reported by each respective member on their separate income tax returns. Therefore, no provision for income taxes has been provided in the accompanying condensed financial statements for periods prior to March 4, 2013 (the date on which the tax status changed to a C Corporation).
This change in tax status in 2013 to a taxable entity resulted in the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the book and tax basis of the Company's assets and liabilities as of the date of the IPO. This resulted in a net deferred tax benefit of $179,267 and net deferred tax expense of $195,737 being recognized and included in the tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The tax benefit and expense were determined using an effective tax rate of 40.6% for the periods ended March 31, 2014 and for the period from March 4, 2013 (the date on which the tax status changed to a C Corporation) to March 31, 2013.
The unaudited pro forma computation of income tax benefit included in the condensed statements of comprehensive loss, represents the tax effects that would have been reported had the Company been subject to U.S. federal and state income taxes as a corporation for all periods presented. Pro forma taxes are based upon the statutory income tax rates and adjustments to income for estimated permanent differences occurring during each period. Actual rates and expenses could have differed had the Company actually been subject to U.S. federal and state income taxes for all periods presented. Therefore, the unaudited pro forma amounts are for informational purposes only and are intended to be indicative of the results of operations had the Company been subject to U.S. federal and state income taxes as a corporation for all periods presented.
Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities- Financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, are carried at historical cost. Management believes that the recorded amounts approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments.
The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The Company uses three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 - quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable
Level 3 - inputs that are unobservable (for example cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)
The following table presents a summary of fair value measurements for certain financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Level 3 liabilities are valued using unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the derivative liabilities. For fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the Company's accounting and finance department, who report to the Chief Financial Officer, determine its valuation policies and procedures. The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of the Company's accounting and finance department and are approved by the Chief Financial Officer.
Level 3 Valuation Techniques:
Level 3 financial liabilities consist of warrant liabilities for which there is no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate.
The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to value Level 3 financial liabilities at inception and on subsequent valuation dates. This model incorporates transaction details such as the Company's stock price, contractual terms, maturity, and risk free rates, as well as volatility.
A significant decrease in the volatility or a significant decrease in the Company's stock price, in isolation, would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement. Changes in the values of the derivative liabilities are recorded in "(Loss) gain due to change in fair value of derivative instruments" in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations.
As of March 31, 2014, there were no transfers in or out of Level 3 from other levels in the fair value hierarchy.
Net Loss per Share - The Company computes basic net loss per share by dividing net loss per share available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and excludes the effects of any potentially dilutive securities. Diluted earnings per share, if presented, would include the dilution that would occur upon the exercise or conversion of all potentially dilutive securities into common stock using the "treasury stock" and/or "if converted" methods as applicable. The computation of basic net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 excludes the potentially dilutive securities summarized in the table below because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In July 2013, the FASB ASU, No. 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists ("ASU 2013-11"). ASU 2013-11 provides explicit guidance on the financial statement presentation of an unrecognized tax benefit when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. The guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013, with an option for early adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2013-11 effective January 1, 2014 and the adoption did not have an impact on the condensed financial statements but may have an impact in future periods.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef