Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

11. Income Taxes


The Company’s quarterly income tax provision is based upon an estimated annual income tax rate. The Company’s quarterly provision for income taxes also includes the tax impact of discrete items, if any, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur.


During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded a benefit for income tax of approximately $67,000 and $5,900, respectively. The increase in income tax benefit during the current period was primarily due to an increases in discrete tax items associated with litigation settlement reserves and stock-based compensation expense.


In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred income tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based on consideration of these items, management has determined that enough uncertainty exists relative to the realization of the deferred income tax asset balances to warrant the application of a valuation allowance as of March 31, 2021. The valuation allowance at March 31, 2021 was approximately $8,847,000. The net change in the valuation allowance during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was an increase of approximately $210,000.