|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
13. Income Taxes
The Company’s quarterly income tax provision is based upon an estimated annual income tax rate. The Company’s quarterly provision for income taxes also includes the tax impact of discrete items, if any, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur.
During the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded income tax benefit of $7,228 and $25,479, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company recorded a benefit for income tax of $17,151 and $35,720. The decrease in income tax benefit during the current three-month period, as compared to the same periods in the prior year, was primarily due to a decrease in discrete tax items and changes in the Company’s net operating losses.
In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred income tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based on consideration of these items, management has determined that enough uncertainty exists relative to the realization of the deferred income tax asset balances to warrant the application of a valuation allowance as of September 30, 2023. The valuation allowance at September 30, 2023 was approximately $10,877,000. The net change in the valuation allowance during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 was an increase of approximately $898,000.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef