Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

13. Income Taxes


The Company’s quarterly income tax provision is based upon an estimated annual income tax rate. The Company’s quarterly provision for income taxes also includes the tax impact of discrete items, if any, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur.


During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded a benefit for income tax from continuing operations of $13,612 and $45,458. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded a benefit for income tax of $32,033 and $121,327. The decrease in income tax benefit during the current period was primarily due to a decrease in discrete tax items associated with lower share-based compensation expense in the current period.


The valuation allowance at September 30, 2020 was approximately $8,514,000. The net change in the valuation allowance during the three months ended September 30, 2020 was an increase of approximately $252,000. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred income tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based on consideration of these items, management has determined that enough uncertainty exists relative to the realization of the deferred income tax asset balances to warrant the application of a valuation allowance as of September 30, 2020.